New Delhi: World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Day is noticed on November 17 annually to unfold consciousness, share information, and talk about methods to scale back the burden of COPD internationally. This 12 months’s theme for the day is “Healthy Lungs – Never More Important” because the world has suffered from the lethal COVID-19 pandemic which might severely injury the lungs of a affected person.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third main explanation for dying worldwide. It is a preventable however progressively worsening and incurable disease which consists of irritation of the airways and injury to the airspaces that assist in the switch of oxygen into the blood.
“Smoking is the greatest risk factor, however, pollution both indoor and outdoor have been attributed to cause and worsen COPD. Numerous studies have shown a greater decline in lung function when a person with COPD has prolonged exposure to NO2 and particulate matter in the air,” shares Dr Preyas Vaidya Consultant-Pulmonologist & Sleep Medicine Expert, Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi-A Fortis Network Hospital.
Air pollution can exacerbate COPD
Air pollution can show detrimental for sufferers affected by COPD. India is probably the most polluted areas internationally and in line with a Greenpeace examine, the common focus of PM2.5 in 2020 in New Delhi was almost 17 occasions greater than the really useful ranges. In Mumbai, pollution ranges have been eight occasions greater, in Kolkata, over 9 occasions greater, and in Chennai, over 5 occasions greater.
“Smoking is the greatest risk factor, however, pollution both indoor and outdoor have been attributed to cause and worsen COPD. Numerous studies have shown a greater decline in lung function when a person with COPD has prolonged exposure to NO2 and particulate matter in the air. Exposure to polluted air has been found to cause an increased inflammatory response proven by detecting increased Interleukin-8 (IL-8) in sputum and serum samples of COPD patients,” shares Dr Vaidya.
He additional elaborates, “Increase in IL-8 is linked with increased exacerbations of COPD. Increase in hospitalizations of COPD patients due to air pollution exposure has been proven by APHEA, a European body. A meta-analysis by Zhu and colleagues showed a 2.7 percent increase in COPD hospitalizations with a 10 mcg/cubic metre daily rise in PM10. Indoor air pollution due to biomass fuel smoke exposure has been shown to cause COPD in many studies from developing countries.”
Winter season can exacerbate COPD
A change within the climate and temperature could cause an exacerbation in sufferers with COPD. Exposure to chilly air could cause bronchospasm. Cold air could cause dryness of the airway lining and irritation, resulting in worsening of signs.
“People with COPD should take all the precautions to protect themselves from cold-like wearing clothes in layers with full sleeves. Wear socks to keep your foot covered. Always step out only after covering the nose and mouth with a mask or fresh cloth. Common colds and flu that are on the rise in the winter can be detrimental to people with COPD. Avoid contact with sick people,” advices Dr. Chetan Rao Vaddepally,Consultant Pulmonologist, Yashoda Hospitals Hyderabad.
Precautions to handle COPD
COPD is a treatable disease. The therapy plans revolve round assuaging signs, lowering the speed of lung operate decline, enhancing high quality of life, and stopping exacerbations. Below are some ideas by Dr Vaidya to handle COPD.
- Get a Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) or Spirometry yearly to know the severity and the suitable therapy plan
- Stick to the therapy plan and know the proper methodology to take inhaled medicines
- Get vaccinated towards Streptococcus Pneumonia, flu, and SARS-COV-2 virus
- Do reasonable train and devour acceptable proteins within the weight loss program
- Avoid out of doors actions earlier than dawn to scale back publicity to pollution within the air
- Keep a examine on blood stress, sugars, and coronary heart operate with common examine-ups
- Watch for worsening of signs and search medical assist early