Health & Lifestyle

Punishment vs Reinforcement: How they help to shape your child behaviour – Times of India


How to instil good behaviour in children that may help to shape their future? This is one query that the majority dad and mom typically ask themselves.

Honestly, there isn’t any good means to encourage a behaviour that works in each circumstance and for each child. Every scenario brings totally different challenges with itself that want to be handled in another way. Parenting specialists imagine that there are largely two methods to encourage children to behave in a sure way- reinforcement and punishment. Both can help children perceive and realign their behaviour when it wants to be modified.

What is reinforcement?

Reinforcement is referred to because the introduction of a beneficial situation to children that will increase their probabilities of repeating the specified behaviour sooner or later. It might be of two types- optimistic and detrimental reinforcement. Both the method may be helpful to train children the best ability when utilized accurately and on the appropriate time.

Positive Reinforcement: When dad and mom use optimistic reinforcement, they present the child with some reward for behaving in a sure means or they reward them for behaving properly. This will increase the prospect of children repeating the identical behaviour sooner or later. For instance, giving toys for cleansing their room or praising them for speaking softly. This makes the child really feel that they are doing one thing proper and which makes them need to repeat that motion.

Negative Reinforcement: In case of detrimental reinforcement, you want to take away an aversive stimulus or object to improve sure behaviour. For instance, if your child desires you to cease nagging, ask them to full their homework on time or they need one thing from you, inform them to help you to end family chores.

The draw back of the reinforcement method
At instances even reinforcement method can backfire if performed incorrectly. When dad and mom lean an excessive amount of on reinforcement method, children all the time search for some type of reward or profit for performing in a sure means, which in actuality ought to be self-regulatory. Kids will all the time depend on exterior rewards which could not be useful for them in the long run.

What is punishment?
Punishment is an motion taken to discourage undesired actions. This merely means to impose a penalty because of this of undesirable behaviour. This reduces the probability {that a} behaviour will happen once more. Many may imagine that punishment can hurt a child’s psychological well being and reinforcement is a greater means to self-discipline them. However, at instances you want to punish your child to make them perceive that dangerous actions have penalties. The punishment you impose on your child ought to be logical and simple. It shouldn’t instil concern in them, else it will backfire. Even punishments are of two varieties: Positive and detrimental.

Positive Punishment: Positive punishment includes imposing an aversive stimulus after sure behaviour has occurred. For instance, when children play at examine time dad and mom can scold them for his or her mistake.

Negative Punishment: Negative punishment includes taking away a fascinating stimulus, on the recurrence of behaviour. For instance, if your child fights together with his/her sibling then they shouldn’t be allowed to play outside.

The backside line
Both punishment and reinforcement have their professionals and cons. But each ought to be practised at totally different instances to train the child the significance of sustaining self-discipline. Reinforcement will increase the probability of repeating the goal behaviour sooner or later, whereas punishment tends to lower the probabilities of recurrence of the dangerous behaviour. Reinforcement and punishment are the elemental ideas of behaviourism and fairly efficient to train good manners to children.

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