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Who were Barack Obama’s challengers in 2008 and 2012 US presidential elections?

NEW DELHI: Barack Hussein Obama served as the President of the United States twice – from 2008 to 2016 – while defeating John McCain and Republican challenger Mitt Romney in 2008 and 2016 presidential elections, respectively.
2008 presidential election
In the first term, Obama defeated Arizona Senator John McCain in Novem 2008 US presidential election. Obama had 365 electoral ballots versus 173 for McCain.
McCain secured the Republican nomination by March 2008, defeating former Governors Mitt Romney, Mike Huckabee, and other challengers.
Obama became the first African American ever to be elected to the presidency as well as being only the third sitting United States Senator elected president, joining Warren G. Harding and John F Kennedy.
After being diagnosed with brain cancer in 2017, McCain reduced his role in the Senate in order to focus on treatment. He died on August 25, 2018, at the age of 81.
2012 presidential election
In the second term, Obama defeated Republican challenger Mitt Romney by taking several key battleground states.
Obama defeated Romney, winning a majority of both the Electoral College and the popular vote. Obama won 332 electoral votes and 51.1% of the popular vote compared to Romney’s 206 electoral votes and 47.2%.
Reflecting on his defeat during a conference call to hundreds of fundraisers and donors a week after the election, Romney attributed the outcome to Obama’s having secured the votes of specific interest groups, including African Americans, Hispanic Americans, young people, and women, by offering them what Romney called “extraordinary financial gifts.”

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